More and more people are becoming increasingly concerned about what is in their tap water, especially in light of the fact most water companies in the West artificially add chlorine to their water supplies, with many also now adding fluoride as well.
However, with all the different types and brands of water filters for the home available – from reverse osmosis filter systems and water filter faucets to brand names like Pure and Brita – making sense of the information can be a challenge.
To help cut through all the jargon and information available online, you’ll find that the main types of water filters for the home largely break down into those below.
Each summary includes the option to find out more or go straight to my recommended water filters within that category.
Water filter pitchers are one of the most common and cost effective water filters for the home available on the market. The simple pitcher, or jug style, design uses a replaceable activated carbon filter to remove or reduce contaminants such as chlorine or tackle conditions such as water hardness.
Water filter pitchers are limited in which contaminants they can filter out compared to other water filters for the home, but pitcher filters made by leading brands such as Brita or PUR are a great place to start if you are on a budget or renting and reluctant to spend a lot on a filter. Of course, if you have the budget, investing in a more powerful filter will be more beneficial and cost effective in the long run.
- Water Filter Pitchers: All You Need To Know
- Best Water Filter Pitcher Recommendations
- Best Glass Water Filter Pitchers: 5 Great BPA Free Options
Water filter faucets are a generally inexpensive and easy to install option and, like the commonly used water filter pitchers, generally use an activated carbon filter.
This carbon filter works to trap a wider range of impurities than the more basic filter pitcher, but are generally not as effective as the more powerful countertop filter systems or reverse osmosis filtration systems.
A good widely recommended option by consumers and experts alike is the Culligan FM-15A Advanced Faucet Filter Kit.
If you’re looking for a more powerful and larger capacity water filtering system than, say, a jug or pitcher style filter can supply, but don’t want to install anything under your sink, a countertop water filter system is definitely one of your best options.
A top end countertop water filter system, such as the Big Berkey Drinking Water Filtration System with 4 Filters, pictured here, is one of the most powerful water filters for the home on the market and my overall top recommendation for a home water filter.
- Countertop Water Filter Systems: All You Need To Know
- What Is The Best Countertop Water Filter System?
- Best Gravity Water Filter Review: The Big Berkey
There are many different varieties available on the market and they are a popular choice with consumers because they are generally very easy to install, fit neatly under the sink and don’t need to break the bank.
Depending on the model or brand, under sink water filters can remove a wide range of contaminants, especially the models that employ a multi-stage filtering process.
For more in depth information see, see Under Sink Water Filter Systems: All You Need To Know.
Modern reverse osmosis filter systems combine membrane technology with carbon and mechanical filtration to produce highly purified water in your home.
Quality systems can filter out an impressive array of contaminants. They may be installed under your sink or in a remote interior location, near to a water supply and drain point.
For more in depth information see, see What is a Reverse Osmosis Water Filter?
- Reverse Osmosis Water Filter Systems: All You Need To Know
- Best Reverse Osmosis Water Systems: 3 Top Sellers
Unlike the other main types of water filters for the home featured here, whole house water filter systems treat water for the entire house and are designed to treat water for general usage such as cleaning, bathing, showering and laundry. This makes them one of the most costly filter systems to instal in the home.
If you want to treat all the water in your house, you will need to install a whole house water filter system to reduce or remove contaminants from your washing and laundry water and one of the previous filter types to deal with your drinking water.
Water Filters for the Home – Recommended Next Steps
If you’re uncertain which is the best water filter system for your home, it’s useful to know what’s in your domestic water supply, so you can look to match the filter to the suspected impurities in your tap water.
Read the What is in Tap Water section for details on pollutants commonly found in tap water, plus some simple steps you can take to check what contaminants could be in your own home water supply.
If you’re looking initially for some more general tips on how to choose the best water filter, check out the How to Choose a Water Filter section for some simple steps on choosing the best water filter for the home.
Or if you’re ready to take the plunge, my Top 10 water filter recommendations offer suggestions for some of the best and most efficient filters across a range of budgets.
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